Interestingly, Curtin, Gallicano and Matthew found that, when faced with ethical situations in public relations, “Millennials will use utilitarian reasoning to avoid confrontation and achieve consensus.” The attraction of this ethical perspective may lie in the fact that it appears to be a way to weigh out the impact of behavior and determine the greatest good for the greatest number. The answers to this question fall into two broad categories—deontological and teleological, or consequentialist.The principal difference between them is that deontological theories do not appeal to value considerations in establishing ethical standards, while teleological theories do. Another term for ethics is moral philosophy. Here are a few ethical theories to whet your appetite: Virtue ethics states that character matters above all else. Click on any of the following for further details. Having investigated the types of organisations that would apply each theory and based on the conclusions of other academics and professional theorists, one would agree with Nathanson (2018) and Boylan (2014) that utilitarianism is the dominant theory used within business and therefore is reigned the Goddess of ethical theories. This edition first published in 2000. Virtue ethics names a type of ethical theory that takes virtues of character, rather than individual actions or rules, as the most fundamental ethical concepts. Figures - available via license: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Content may be subject to copyright. Students are then... Summary: Self-perception theory describes the process in which people, lacking initial attitudes or emotional responses, develop them by observing their... Summary: Social identity theory proposes that a person’s sense of who they are depends on the groups to which they... Mindset Theory Your intelligence and other characteristics – where do they come from? People vary in the... Summary: Situated Learning Theory posits that learning is unintentional and situated within authentic activity, context and culture. © 2020 Learning Theories. Some business ethics models are built on Immanuel Kant's philosophy. Finally, a third and growing area of philosophical reasoning with ethics is known as virtue ethics, one that has gained more attention in public relations scholarship in recent years. Step by step instructions to the best group games, activities and icebreakers. WHAT IS ETHICS? Ethical theories 1. Metaethical Theories There are two types of metaethical theories which are cognitive and noncognitive theories. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 2 of 2, Learning Theories Printable Study Flashcards, Classical and Operant Conditioning (Skinner), Separation-Individuation Theory of Child Development (Mahler), Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning (Mayer), Situated Cognition (Brown, Collins, & Duguid), Bronfenbrenner’s Bioecological Model of Development (Bronfenbrenner), Educational Robotics and Constructionism (Papert), Online Collaborative Learning Theory (Harasim), Utilitarianism (Consequence-based Ethics), Fun Online Activities to Try at Home While Social Distancing, Using Mind Maps (Concept Maps) in the Classroom, Creating Educational Card Games with Card Game Toolkit, Mindset Theory – Fixed vs. Growth Mindset (Dweck), Intrinsically motivating instruction (Malone), Positive Psychology / PERMA Theory (Seligman), Flipgrid: Video Discussion Tool for Fostering a Community of Learners, Andragogy – Adult Learning Theory (Knowles), Robot Turtles Review: Coding Game for Kids, EcoChains: A Food Web Game to Teach Climate Change. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company. There are three main concerns that seem to arise when public relations professionals rely on utilitarian ethics to make decisions. Engineering Ethics - Ethical Theories Types of Ethical Theories. One of the largest influences of modern business ethical principles is Kantian theory, which is a type of norm theory. Some, called consequentialists , answer that question by pointing to the consequences of our acts and weighing those consequences to determine how we ought to act in a particular situation. While this idea initially may seem appealing, particularly with a field that has a core duty to the public, it does not provide a solid ethical framework for decision-making. In other words, if a solution drastically harms a minority group, would it be ethical if the majority benefited from that decision? Having a basic understanding of the major ethical theories will help us toward an ethical resolution learning how to articulate and justify the decision. Want a fast way to memorize and study learning theories? The three main ethical theories I have chosen that could’ve changed the decision and result are; Mills—Consequentialism, Kant—Deontology, and Rawls –theory of distributive justice. Consequentialism. THEORIES IN ETHICS Presented By: Somya (13105 Khushbu(13105 1 2. This essay examines the most prominent such theories, First, please research the following types of ethical theory: consequentialism, deontology, relativism, virtue ethics, and justice. Learning theories summaries on the Learning-Theories.com website as an electronic book, conveniently organized into one PDF file that you can print and use for your papers or assignments. Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that "involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior". 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