When Norway and Denmark created a union in the 14th century, Iceland became a part of Denmark. Iceland has very mild, coastal weather, stemming from the Gulf Stream. There are approximately 200 volcanoes in Iceland, most of which are active. We have no Standing Army. Geography & Nature of Iceland Iceland sits almost smack in the middle between the United States of America and Canada to its west and mainland Europe to its east. The nearest neighbouring country is Greenland, just 286 km (180 miles) away, followed by the Faroe Islands 420 km (260 miles), … The capital and largest city is Reykjavík. To begin introducing Iceland for kids, you must first point out that it is one of the northernmost populated places on earth. It is one of the most volcanic regions in the world. Beer was banned in Iceland for most of the 20th century. Iceland, like the United States, enacted a … Following the creation of its constitution, Iceland was independent until 1262. Iceland Trivia Questions & Answers : Europe This category is for questions and answers related to Iceland, as asked by users of FunTrivia.com.. This means that even though it is very far north, and consequently very cold, people still live there. Located on this Mid-Atlantic Ridge running through its center, Iceland is divided in half by volcanoes and has the most active volcano area in the worldwith a volcano erupting, on average, every five years. Icelanders joke that they should be Greenland and Greenland should be Iceland. Iceland's climate is temperate because of the Gulf Stream. Actually it’s quite the opposite. 72. Iceland is located in the north of the Atlantic Ocean, south of Greenland and between Norway and the British Isles. The original name of the settlement was Reykjarvik which loosely translated to the "Bay of Smokes" due to the region's hot springs. In size, Iceland is slightly bigger than Hungary or South Korea and about the size of the state of Kentucky/USA. Iceland’s name is a ruse. In the north, however, there are extensive grasslands that are used by grazing animals such as sheep and cattle. The island of Iceland is a volcanic island. Iceland - Iceland - Government and society: Iceland’s constitution, which was adopted in 1944, established a parliamentary democracy with a directly elected president as head of state. The island owes its existence to a large volcanic fissure in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, where the Eurasian and American tectonic plates meet. Iceland is a volcanic island. Iceland is largely an arctic desert punctuated by mountains, glaciers, geysers, hot springs, volcanoes, and waterfalls. Iceland is highly active volcanically and had a volcanic eruption under a glacier in April 2010. General Facts about Iceland. Iceland might look intimidating, thanks to its explosive geography, but it … There are many long, deep fjords and glaciers, including Europes largest, Vatnajökull. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. Flag Capital Tourism&Travel Regions . Tourism is also a growing industry in the country and the associated service-sector jobs are growing. The coastline is 4,970 km, and Iceland maintains a 200 nautical-miles exclusive economic zone. It is located just south of the Arctic Circle about 180 miles (290 kilometers) southeast of Greenland, 620 miles (1,000 kilometers) west of Norway, and 500 miles (800 kilometers) northwest of Scotland. The assembly was called the Althingi. 21. Follow us on the following social networks and websites. Even today, the country is growing by about 5 cm per year, as it splits wider at the points where two tectonic plates meet. The average winter temperature in Reykjavik is similar to New York City's, about 0°C/32°F in January (average highs are 9.9°C/50°C). Iceland features a strong social-market economy typical of Scandinavian countries. In 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted and in 2011 Grímsvötn. Iceland is one of the youngest landmasses on the planet, and consequently home to some of the world’s most active volcanoes. The main island, which lies south of the Arctic Circle, covers an area of 103,000 km, which is roughly the size of the U.S. state of Virginia or slightly bigger than Ireland. Iceland, officially called the Republic of Iceland, is an island nation located in the North Atlantic Ocean just south of the Arctic Circle. Iceland is the least populated country in Europe. An island of 103.000 km2 (40,000 square miles), it is about the same size as Hungary and Portugal, or Kentucky and Virginia. The weather can be very unpredictable and often changes in an instant. Today, the U.S. is still Iceland's main defensive partner but there are no military personnel stationed on the island. Surveys indicate that 54.4 percent of the nation believes in the existence … In 1874, Denmark gave Iceland some limited independent ruling powers, and in 1904 after a constitutional revision in 1903, this independence was expanded. The judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court called Haestirettur, which has justices who are appointed for life, and eight district courts for each of the country's eight administrative divisions. It houses the world… The average summer temperature in Reykjavik is 10.6°C/51°F in July, with average highs of 24.3°C/76°F. It emerged from an underwater mountain range, the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, about 20 million years ago. According to the U.S. Department of State, Iceland is the only member of NATO with no standing military. Its landscape’s is characterized by waterfalls, geysers, volcanoes, black sand beaches and otherworldly steaming lava fields. Almost 80% of the country is uninhabited, and much of its terrain consists of plateaux, mountain peaks, and fertile lowlands. Flag: Blue with a red cross outlined in white fimbration, extending to the edges of the flag.The colors are symbolic for three of the elements that make up the island: red is for the volcanic fires, white recalls the snow and glaciers, and blue is for the skies above. In 1918, the Act of Union was signed with Denmark, which officially made Iceland an autonomous nation that was united with Denmark under the same king. Its landscapes is characterized by waterfalls, geysers, volcanoes, black sand beaches and otherworldly steaming lava fields. Geography. In addition, despite its high latitude, Iceland has a relatively mild climate due to the Gulf Stream, which allows its people to practice agriculture in the fertile coastal regions. But that’s not to say the population is very great. The original population of the island was of Gaelic and Nordic origin based on genetic analysis and literary evidence from the island's settlement. 73. In the year 930 AD, … The Icelandic government has banned prostitution in 2009and banned strip clubs in 2010. In 1946, Iceland and the U.S. decided to end U.S. responsibility for maintaining Iceland's defense but the U.S. kept some military bases on the island. One genetic study of Icelanders found most men were of Nordic origin while most women were of Gaelic origin. Iceland is a geologically young landscape due to its location on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge between the … Iceland Facts | Iceland Geography Iceland lies in the Arctic Region of Northern Europe. Iceland is home to the very first parliament grounds in Europe. 22. Most of the vegetation and agricultural areas are in the lowlands close to the coastline. Location and Geography. Accuracy: A team of editors takes feedback from our visitors to keep trivia as up to date and as accurate as possible.Complete quiz index can be found here: Iceland Quizzes There are 34 questions on this topic. Iceland, one of the most volcanically active countries in the world, is a large island in the North Atlantic close to the Arctic Circle. Iceland / Maps, Geography, Facts. The latest volcanic eruption was in Holuhraun from August 2014 to February 2015. Iceland's main industries are fish processing, aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production, geothermal power, and hydropower. M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. Winters are usually mild and windy and summers are wet and cool. Today, Iceland is a constitutional republic with a unicameral parliament called the Althingi. Iceland is the second largest island in Europe, following Great Britain, and the 18th largest island in the world. As a result, Iceland is prone to volcanic eruptions and features the aforementioned geologic features such as hot springs and geysers. There are also many small islands around. Iceland is about 1000 km away from the European mainland and about 300 km from the coast of Greenland. In addition, Iceland lies on a hotspot (like Hawaii) called the Iceland Plume, which formed the island millions of years ago. The Norse were the main migrants to move to the island, and in 930 CE, Iceland's governing body created a constitution and an assembly. A brief numerical overview of Iceland. Iceland also has an executive branch with a chief of state and head of government. Sign up for our monthly newsletter on all things Icelandic. Despite its name, Iceland’s surface is only ten percent iceand it has surprisingly mild winters due to the warming effect of the Atlantic Gulf Stream.
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