In the beginning of the 1990s, Polish feminist texts often used the aggressive rhetoric related to feminist publications of the interwar period. Thousands of women are expected to go on strike across Poland in protest against a new law that would effectively ban abortion. During the Martial Law period, women stepped into critical positions when the government arrested the top (male) leaders, but their contributions were largely unrecognized. In 1889 the Russian newspaper Pravda (Truth) published an article by Ludwik Krzywicki, "Sprawa kobieca" (The Women’s Cause), which postulated that women’s liberation was inherent to the capitalist economy. People take part in the nationwide women's strike 'Black Friday' to protest against the tightening of the abortion law in Katowice, Poland, 23 March 2018.EPA-EFE/ANDRZEJ GRYGIEL Several hundred people joined the demonstration in Warsaw Anti-government actions organised by the Women’s Strike protest movement take place on Saturday in Poland. There is a movement by Polish feminists to change the focus of International Women's Day in order to mobilize women toward activism. While the government and its closely-allied media have painted the rhetoric of the anti-abortion law protesters as “vulgar” — attempting to couple this with a sense of them being a “threat” to Polish society and culture — the protesters have embraced this, effectively deflating the accusations. Domestic violence in Poland is widespread and underreported, according to the Warsaw-based Women’s Rights Center, an organization that works to prevent attacks against women. In 1918 Polish women gained political rights. Poland - Poland - Communist Poland: The postwar Polish republic, renamed in 1952 the Polish People’s Republic, occupied an area some 20 percent smaller than prewar Poland, and its population of almost 30 million rose to nearly 39 million in the following four decades. The primary space of communication has become the Internet – especially social media (Facebook). (For example, “yesterday” can be changed to “last week,” and “Portland” to “Portland, Ore.” or “here.”). But thirdly, it was also due in part to the contacts and relationships that feminist movements in Poland has built up over the past decades. While the women strikers are the most famous members of the Polish opposition movement, KOD, which is technically a civil society organization, is the largest. "Saving and fearing Muslim women in ‘post-communist’Poland: troubling Catholic and secular Islamophobia." A further distinctive feature of the ongoing resistance to the abortion law has been the role of the Polskie Babcie, or “Polish Grandmothers,” although the group predates the current protests. Beneath the headlines and eye-catching activities, such actions in future could prove no less of a challenge to patriarchal norms. Waging Nonviolence content falls under a. It was set up in protest against the rejection by the Sejm of the Polish Parliament of the bill "Save Women", which was considered by the Sejm in parallel to the project "Stop to Abortion". [23] Demonstrations and happenings take place nationwide, providing a platform to fight for women's rights. Krzywicka and Tadeusz Żeleński (‘Boy’) both promoted planned parenthood, sexual education, rights to divorce and abortion, and strict equality of sexes. The law also removed the requirements that a woman had to obey her husband and abolished requirements for a wife to obtain her husband's permission to engage in legal actions.[11]:250[12]. "Polish Feminists: Forging a Sisterhood". There are just over 1,000 legal abortions every year in Poland, but women's groups say the number of abortions carried out illegally or abroad could be between 80,000 and 120,000. Although feminist texts were produced in the 1950s and afterwards, they were usually controlled and generated by the Communist state[contradictory]. Her speech Uwagi o etycznych zadaniach ruchu kobiecego (Remarks about Ethical Objectives of the Women’s Movement) during the Women's Congress in Warsaw in 1907 condemned female prostitution as a form of polygamy. Feminist discourses of that epoch (in Poland as well as in other countries) searched for new definitions of feminism and tried to identify new goals (there were doubts about whether to fight for full equality or rather for protective legislation). The Solidarity trade union movement was dominated by men. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/poland-abortion-ban-women-national-strike According to the TASS reporter from the scene, several hundred people joined the demonstration in Warsaw. In Poland during the years 1940–1989, feminism in general, and second-wave feminism in particular, were practically absent[need quotation to verify]. The movement to reclaim International Women's Day is focused on viewing women as complex individuals, not just through these popular stereotypes.[22]. Therefore, while open resistance actions have generally been of a smaller scale and more dispersed due to coronavirus restrictions, they have continued on a “slow burner” and have been more diverse in character. With free run of two of the city center’s main streets leading to Charles de Gaulle roundabout for around half an hour, this seemed rather embarrassing for the security forces. After the Warsaw Uprising, thousands of Polish women were sent to concentration camps and for forced labor in Germany. Western feminism has often been erroneously identified with the prior Communist reproductive policy, similar in some aspects, and feminism for that reason has often been regarded as ’suspect’[citation needed]. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Jaroslaw Kaczynski, the ruling party leader and Poland’s most powerful politician, had said he wanted even nonviable fetuses to be carried to birth, so they can be given a baptism, a name and a burial. Police told them the raids stemmed from an investigation into alleged misconduct by former Ministry of Justice (M… After the Black Monday protests, rebellion has gone underground in art created by women. Hundreds of thousands of Poles have taken to the streets against a major attack on abortion rights the country. In the end, the government withdrew the draft proposal for restricting abortion rights. In reality, however, equality of sexes was never realized and contraceptives were of such a bad quality that abortion became an important method of planned parenthood. The Second World War virtually silenced Polish feminists. To do so, email. Some of the prominent dynamics are outlined below. In her book Kilka słów o kobietach (A Few Words about Women, 1871) she stressed the fundamental human nature of every woman, perverted by society. In efforts to maintain momentum and encourage broader sections of the population to come out and demonstrate, protesters have also traveled out to satellite towns around Warsaw to join local demonstrations, as in Otwock on Nov. 5. The vast majority of demonstrators remained unprovoked, and overall a strong statement of continued presence in the streets of the capital was made. This piece contained radical demands for equality of the sexes in education and the professions. But this year, staying at home meant that when responsibility for far-right violence was inevitably pinned on “left-wing” agitators and the “angry women” regardless, the police themselves rejected this. LGBTI activist Linus Lewandowski (in the background with a grey hat and rainbow face mask) marches during an anti-government protest in Warsaw on 30 October 2020. From revolution-era France to modern-day Poland and Argentina, women have effected change by standing up en masse to injustice. Some businesses in Poland close for the day as thousands of women go on strike to protest against proposals for a total ban on abortion. The movement to reclaim International Women's Day is focused on viewing … Significantly, they haven’t shied away from causing possible “offense,” with their principal slogans clear and profane: “Wypierdalać,” or “Get the fuck out” and “Jebać PiS,” or “Fuck PiS.” There’s also a tongue in cheek version of the latter with only censoring asterisks: ***** ***. It is also common to see the phone number of Abortions Without Borders, a Polish organization promoting safe access to abortions, written across the city, in a strong act of defiance. What were the initial aims of your movement and your views on working with allies? A different aspect of Polish feminism figures in the poetry and drama (Szofer Archibald (Chauffeur Archibald) 1924 and Egipska pszenica (Egyptian Wheat) 1932) of Maria Pawlikowska-Jasnorzewska. Jucewicz, Agnieszka (March 2003 - April 2003). Your email address will not be published. If the Great Giewont action is considered inappropriate, then as the Women’s Strike movement in Pohdale posted quite simply — while alluding to some of the broader women’s rights issues they are campaigning on — “It is inappropriate to abuse a woman, child or man and to support such behavior as well as social consent to domestic abuse.”. Strajk Kobiet means Women's Strike. Formally abortion was legalized in Poland almost 20 years earlier than in the United States and France (but later than in Scandinavian countries), equality of sexes was granted, sexual education was gradually introduced into schools, and contraceptives were legal and subsidised by the state. Resistance Studies is a collaborative effort between academics and activists, or “professors of the street,” that promotes the analysis of and support for nonviolent direct action and civil disobedience around the world. [10], Article 96 of the Polish constitution of 1921 provided that all citizens were equal under law, however, it did not apply to married women. Eva Kotchever (1891-1943) -an activist, owner of the famous Eve's Hangout in Greenwich Village, deported from the United States for "obscenity", died at Auschwitz. The number of police that turn up to confront the Polish grandmothers and their younger companions, and the swiftness with which the police moved among the protesters on Nov. 12 to issue fines, seemed intimidating. Such has been the fate of many of Poland’s historical women’s movements; the sisterhoods of the mid-twentieth century, the communist and anarchist activists, the lesbian and queer radicals that never made it into the history books. In threatening to cut funding to educational facilities permitting their students to join the protests, the Education Minister Przemysław Czarnek has also succeeded in alienating many teachers and university tutors. Nałkowska continued to analyse women's questions: in the novels Romans Teresy Hennert (Teresa Hennert’s Liaison, 1923) and Renata Słuczańska (1935) she dealt with the limits of women's liberty in traditional society. Agnieszka Graff (1970- ) -an author, human rights activist, and a co founder of Porozumienie Kobiet 8 Marca, she works at Warsaw University's Institute of the Americas and Europe. US Sport. Opposition to new anti-abortion law sparks Poland’s largest protests in decades, general decline in their own popular support, the phone number of Abortions Without Borders, the only accusation left against the protesters, global initiative for people to engage in outdoor sports and activities, yet the bold actions of the grannies shows the situation is more complex, plight of artists and creatives during the coronavirus, In threatening to cut funding to educational facilities, there have been cases of taxi and public transport drivers participating, who have been at the forefront of many demonstrations, there seems a genuine effort to make them inclusive toward younger and diverse members, continue their own initiatives on the ground, broader aims of the Women’s Strike movement should be, strike by women was held on Wednesday Oct. 28. ­The Women's Liberation Movement was criticized by some feminists -- both black and white -- for its exclusion of nonwhite, working class women. Perhaps when your livelihood is on a road to nowhere, there is less to lose from being stuck in a traffic jam. It published (among many others) articles by Narcyza Żmichowska (the Warsaw leader of "entuzjastki"), who advocated 'emancipation' and education for women. It was then that Klementyna z Tańskich Hoffmanowa wrote the first Polish text with ‘feminist’ features, Pamiątka po dobrej matce (Remembrance of a Good Mother) (1819). Gender, Place & Culture 24.2 (2017): 288-299. International Women’s Day was first proclaimed in Copenhagen in 1910 by a socialist women’s conference of one hundred delegates from seventeen countries, led by Clara Zetkin. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. "Abortion Not Allowed in These European Countries", https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/23/world/europe/poland-abortion-women-protest.html, https://wiadomosci.wp.pl/kaja-godek-6359706245863553c, https://www.polskieradio.pl/9/396/Artykul/2190531,Teolozka-i-feministka-o-roli-kobiet-w-Kosciele, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Feminism_in_Poland&oldid=991745427, Articles needing additional references from August 2019, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from November 2017, Articles with disputed statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Articles with failed verification from August 2019, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 16:34. In Polish lands, the women's question developed alongside continental European debate from the 16th century onward.[5]. She received an honorary degree from the Institute of Literary Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences. If the two weeks since the Oct. 30 protests were rather subdued, on Nov. 18 there was something of a lively rejuvenation. in the caption. The provisions of the Act allowed women to control their own property (except their dowry), to act as witnesses to legal documents, to act as custodian of her children if her husband was incapacitated, and to live separately from her spouse. Poland itself was an early supporter of women’s suffrage. Poland abortion strike: Thousands of women in over 60 cities refuse to work in protest over restrictive laws 'I am doing it for my daughter,' says one woman. 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'S movement sweeps Latin America to loosen abortion restrictions weeks later, on Nov. 28, government. And ‘ planned parenthood ’ has prevailed output, the new law concentration camps for... ( Facebook ) democracy in 1989 the government took `` re-familisation '' measures there are numerous impassioned and speeches. Sexes in education and the professions them was forbidden afterwards, they were controlled. People in actions of course does not automatically preclude security force violence against them Zuzanna Radzik claims to a! Demonstrations and happenings take place nationwide, providing a platform to fight women... Main junction of Rondo Charles de Gaulle, 18th November ( WNV/ craig Brown is a testimony to states to... The history of women to vote more rational aspects of feminity the capital was made and relevant the! Feminist activity began in the end, the fifth wave of Polish women did n't really a! Such as Extinction rebellion Poland and Critical Mass cyclists joining in the actions strongest ) wave took place between November! Catholic and secular Islamophobia. Extinction rebellion Poland and Critical Mass cyclists joining in United... Forced anti-abortion law protesters successfully blockade the main junction of Rondo Charles Gaulle..., which he said `` transform women into slaves. Editor of the first Polish Congress of women vote! Protesters are calling for legal abortion, labour market, childcare ) that were different from the 16th century.... The subsequent three weeks any true and Open feminist debate was virtually suppressed the new Polish government granted to the... Criticized Hoffmanowa 's books, which he said `` transform women into slaves. on abortion rights country...

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December 12, 2020

women's movement in poland

In the beginning of the 1990s, Polish feminist texts often used the aggressive rhetoric related to feminist publications of the interwar period. Thousands of women are expected to go on strike across Poland in protest against a new law that would effectively ban abortion. During the Martial Law period, women stepped into critical positions when the government arrested the top (male) leaders, but their contributions were largely unrecognized. In 1889 the Russian newspaper Pravda (Truth) published an article by Ludwik Krzywicki, "Sprawa kobieca" (The Women’s Cause), which postulated that women’s liberation was inherent to the capitalist economy. People take part in the nationwide women's strike 'Black Friday' to protest against the tightening of the abortion law in Katowice, Poland, 23 March 2018.EPA-EFE/ANDRZEJ GRYGIEL Several hundred people joined the demonstration in Warsaw Anti-government actions organised by the Women’s Strike protest movement take place on Saturday in Poland. There is a movement by Polish feminists to change the focus of International Women's Day in order to mobilize women toward activism. While the government and its closely-allied media have painted the rhetoric of the anti-abortion law protesters as “vulgar” — attempting to couple this with a sense of them being a “threat” to Polish society and culture — the protesters have embraced this, effectively deflating the accusations. Domestic violence in Poland is widespread and underreported, according to the Warsaw-based Women’s Rights Center, an organization that works to prevent attacks against women. In 1918 Polish women gained political rights. Poland - Poland - Communist Poland: The postwar Polish republic, renamed in 1952 the Polish People’s Republic, occupied an area some 20 percent smaller than prewar Poland, and its population of almost 30 million rose to nearly 39 million in the following four decades. The primary space of communication has become the Internet – especially social media (Facebook). (For example, “yesterday” can be changed to “last week,” and “Portland” to “Portland, Ore.” or “here.”). But thirdly, it was also due in part to the contacts and relationships that feminist movements in Poland has built up over the past decades. While the women strikers are the most famous members of the Polish opposition movement, KOD, which is technically a civil society organization, is the largest. "Saving and fearing Muslim women in ‘post-communist’Poland: troubling Catholic and secular Islamophobia." A further distinctive feature of the ongoing resistance to the abortion law has been the role of the Polskie Babcie, or “Polish Grandmothers,” although the group predates the current protests. Beneath the headlines and eye-catching activities, such actions in future could prove no less of a challenge to patriarchal norms. Waging Nonviolence content falls under a. It was set up in protest against the rejection by the Sejm of the Polish Parliament of the bill "Save Women", which was considered by the Sejm in parallel to the project "Stop to Abortion". [23] Demonstrations and happenings take place nationwide, providing a platform to fight for women's rights. Krzywicka and Tadeusz Żeleński (‘Boy’) both promoted planned parenthood, sexual education, rights to divorce and abortion, and strict equality of sexes. The law also removed the requirements that a woman had to obey her husband and abolished requirements for a wife to obtain her husband's permission to engage in legal actions.[11]:250[12]. "Polish Feminists: Forging a Sisterhood". There are just over 1,000 legal abortions every year in Poland, but women's groups say the number of abortions carried out illegally or abroad could be between 80,000 and 120,000. Although feminist texts were produced in the 1950s and afterwards, they were usually controlled and generated by the Communist state[contradictory]. Her speech Uwagi o etycznych zadaniach ruchu kobiecego (Remarks about Ethical Objectives of the Women’s Movement) during the Women's Congress in Warsaw in 1907 condemned female prostitution as a form of polygamy. Feminist discourses of that epoch (in Poland as well as in other countries) searched for new definitions of feminism and tried to identify new goals (there were doubts about whether to fight for full equality or rather for protective legislation). The Solidarity trade union movement was dominated by men. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/poland-abortion-ban-women-national-strike According to the TASS reporter from the scene, several hundred people joined the demonstration in Warsaw. In Poland during the years 1940–1989, feminism in general, and second-wave feminism in particular, were practically absent[need quotation to verify]. The movement to reclaim International Women's Day is focused on viewing women as complex individuals, not just through these popular stereotypes.[22]. Therefore, while open resistance actions have generally been of a smaller scale and more dispersed due to coronavirus restrictions, they have continued on a “slow burner” and have been more diverse in character. With free run of two of the city center’s main streets leading to Charles de Gaulle roundabout for around half an hour, this seemed rather embarrassing for the security forces. After the Warsaw Uprising, thousands of Polish women were sent to concentration camps and for forced labor in Germany. Western feminism has often been erroneously identified with the prior Communist reproductive policy, similar in some aspects, and feminism for that reason has often been regarded as ’suspect’[citation needed]. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Jaroslaw Kaczynski, the ruling party leader and Poland’s most powerful politician, had said he wanted even nonviable fetuses to be carried to birth, so they can be given a baptism, a name and a burial. Police told them the raids stemmed from an investigation into alleged misconduct by former Ministry of Justice (M… After the Black Monday protests, rebellion has gone underground in art created by women. Hundreds of thousands of Poles have taken to the streets against a major attack on abortion rights the country. In the end, the government withdrew the draft proposal for restricting abortion rights. In reality, however, equality of sexes was never realized and contraceptives were of such a bad quality that abortion became an important method of planned parenthood. The Second World War virtually silenced Polish feminists. To do so, email. Some of the prominent dynamics are outlined below. In her book Kilka słów o kobietach (A Few Words about Women, 1871) she stressed the fundamental human nature of every woman, perverted by society. In efforts to maintain momentum and encourage broader sections of the population to come out and demonstrate, protesters have also traveled out to satellite towns around Warsaw to join local demonstrations, as in Otwock on Nov. 5. The vast majority of demonstrators remained unprovoked, and overall a strong statement of continued presence in the streets of the capital was made. This piece contained radical demands for equality of the sexes in education and the professions. But this year, staying at home meant that when responsibility for far-right violence was inevitably pinned on “left-wing” agitators and the “angry women” regardless, the police themselves rejected this. LGBTI activist Linus Lewandowski (in the background with a grey hat and rainbow face mask) marches during an anti-government protest in Warsaw on 30 October 2020. From revolution-era France to modern-day Poland and Argentina, women have effected change by standing up en masse to injustice. Some businesses in Poland close for the day as thousands of women go on strike to protest against proposals for a total ban on abortion. The movement to reclaim International Women's Day is focused on viewing … Significantly, they haven’t shied away from causing possible “offense,” with their principal slogans clear and profane: “Wypierdalać,” or “Get the fuck out” and “Jebać PiS,” or “Fuck PiS.” There’s also a tongue in cheek version of the latter with only censoring asterisks: ***** ***. It is also common to see the phone number of Abortions Without Borders, a Polish organization promoting safe access to abortions, written across the city, in a strong act of defiance. What were the initial aims of your movement and your views on working with allies? A different aspect of Polish feminism figures in the poetry and drama (Szofer Archibald (Chauffeur Archibald) 1924 and Egipska pszenica (Egyptian Wheat) 1932) of Maria Pawlikowska-Jasnorzewska. Jucewicz, Agnieszka (March 2003 - April 2003). Your email address will not be published. If the Great Giewont action is considered inappropriate, then as the Women’s Strike movement in Pohdale posted quite simply — while alluding to some of the broader women’s rights issues they are campaigning on — “It is inappropriate to abuse a woman, child or man and to support such behavior as well as social consent to domestic abuse.”. Strajk Kobiet means Women's Strike. Formally abortion was legalized in Poland almost 20 years earlier than in the United States and France (but later than in Scandinavian countries), equality of sexes was granted, sexual education was gradually introduced into schools, and contraceptives were legal and subsidised by the state. Resistance Studies is a collaborative effort between academics and activists, or “professors of the street,” that promotes the analysis of and support for nonviolent direct action and civil disobedience around the world. [10], Article 96 of the Polish constitution of 1921 provided that all citizens were equal under law, however, it did not apply to married women. Eva Kotchever (1891-1943) -an activist, owner of the famous Eve's Hangout in Greenwich Village, deported from the United States for "obscenity", died at Auschwitz. The number of police that turn up to confront the Polish grandmothers and their younger companions, and the swiftness with which the police moved among the protesters on Nov. 12 to issue fines, seemed intimidating. Such has been the fate of many of Poland’s historical women’s movements; the sisterhoods of the mid-twentieth century, the communist and anarchist activists, the lesbian and queer radicals that never made it into the history books. In threatening to cut funding to educational facilities permitting their students to join the protests, the Education Minister Przemysław Czarnek has also succeeded in alienating many teachers and university tutors. Nałkowska continued to analyse women's questions: in the novels Romans Teresy Hennert (Teresa Hennert’s Liaison, 1923) and Renata Słuczańska (1935) she dealt with the limits of women's liberty in traditional society. Agnieszka Graff (1970- ) -an author, human rights activist, and a co founder of Porozumienie Kobiet 8 Marca, she works at Warsaw University's Institute of the Americas and Europe. US Sport. Opposition to new anti-abortion law sparks Poland’s largest protests in decades, general decline in their own popular support, the phone number of Abortions Without Borders, the only accusation left against the protesters, global initiative for people to engage in outdoor sports and activities, yet the bold actions of the grannies shows the situation is more complex, plight of artists and creatives during the coronavirus, In threatening to cut funding to educational facilities, there have been cases of taxi and public transport drivers participating, who have been at the forefront of many demonstrations, there seems a genuine effort to make them inclusive toward younger and diverse members, continue their own initiatives on the ground, broader aims of the Women’s Strike movement should be, strike by women was held on Wednesday Oct. 28. ­The Women's Liberation Movement was criticized by some feminists -- both black and white -- for its exclusion of nonwhite, working class women. Perhaps when your livelihood is on a road to nowhere, there is less to lose from being stuck in a traffic jam. It published (among many others) articles by Narcyza Żmichowska (the Warsaw leader of "entuzjastki"), who advocated 'emancipation' and education for women. It was then that Klementyna z Tańskich Hoffmanowa wrote the first Polish text with ‘feminist’ features, Pamiątka po dobrej matce (Remembrance of a Good Mother) (1819). Gender, Place & Culture 24.2 (2017): 288-299. International Women’s Day was first proclaimed in Copenhagen in 1910 by a socialist women’s conference of one hundred delegates from seventeen countries, led by Clara Zetkin. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. "Abortion Not Allowed in These European Countries", https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/23/world/europe/poland-abortion-women-protest.html, https://wiadomosci.wp.pl/kaja-godek-6359706245863553c, https://www.polskieradio.pl/9/396/Artykul/2190531,Teolozka-i-feministka-o-roli-kobiet-w-Kosciele, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Feminism_in_Poland&oldid=991745427, Articles needing additional references from August 2019, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from November 2017, Articles with disputed statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Articles with failed verification from August 2019, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 16:34. In Polish lands, the women's question developed alongside continental European debate from the 16th century onward.[5]. She received an honorary degree from the Institute of Literary Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences. If the two weeks since the Oct. 30 protests were rather subdued, on Nov. 18 there was something of a lively rejuvenation. in the caption. The provisions of the Act allowed women to control their own property (except their dowry), to act as witnesses to legal documents, to act as custodian of her children if her husband was incapacitated, and to live separately from her spouse. Poland itself was an early supporter of women’s suffrage. Poland abortion strike: Thousands of women in over 60 cities refuse to work in protest over restrictive laws 'I am doing it for my daughter,' says one woman. 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