This type of ripening is done by reacting with calcium carbide and other chemicals to make the appearance of fruit attractive—notwithstanding the fact that the genetics of fruits are being compromised, as is the health of millions of consumers. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Hemera Technologies/AbleStock.com/Getty Images, United States Deprtment of Agriculture: Ethylene, Artificial Ripening; What We Are Eating; Ashraf-Ur-Rahman, et al. The calcium carbide powder may be kept in the same vicinity as the fruits such that when in contact with moisture, acetylene gas is released to induce ripening. The most obvious of these is the color, aroma and firmness of the fruit. Which is why fruits picked before they're ripe are sometimes wrapped in a bag that seals in whatever little ethene they emit, thereby accelerating the ripening process. Artificial ripening agents are injurious to health. The, Huawei Supporting ICT Ecosystem Vital for Digital Transformation of Pakistani Youth, Why Our Water Innovation Is Informal & Local, Afghanistan to Support Mandate of COMSATS. ripening agents, calcium carbide is commonly used, because it is inexpensive and easily purchased. Calcium carbide is also used in some countries for artificially ripening fruit. Arsine (AsH 3) and phosphine (PH 3) present in calcium carbide (CaC 2) as impurities might find entry in the calcium carbide ripened fruits. Other than the Calcium Carbide following Chemicals are in common practice in artificially ripening of the fruits: Ethylene: A very small concentration of ethylene in air is sufficient to promote the fruit ripening process. Fruit ripening. Of-season availability of fruits is possible by storing them in modified or controlled atmospheric condition but this leads to show undesirable characteristics like poor eating quality, off-flavor and poor color. Its contact with eye exerts effect on eyesight or may leads permanent blindness. It may contain traces of heavy metals which can make fruits harmful for human consumption. This type of ripening is done by reacting with calcium carbide and other chemicals to make the appearance of fruit attractive—notwithstanding the fact that the genetics of fruits are being compromised, as is the health of millions of consumers. First antidote for metal poisoning was arsenic. Ethylene is important for ripening of fruits and calcium carbide produces acetylene that is analogue of ethylene. Inhalation of calcium carbide is common in countries like India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and other developing countries because people use to smell the aroma of fruit and at the same they are inhaling calcium carbide from the fruit. Although illegal in many countries, calcium carbide (CaC2) is used to accelerate the ripening process. Your email address will not be published. Industries are trying to produce ripening agents which didn’t carry any hazardous effect. The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control says consumption of fruits ripened with carbide can lead to several diseases, including cancer. Calcium carbide is a synthetic material made from limestone, and it is illegal in many countries to use this chemical to ripen fruits. Make sure to wear gloves before using calcium carbide to avoid direct contact with hands. Adeyeye said strict sanctions shall be melted on anyone found using carbide for fruit ripening. E-mail : ukbhattarai21@hotmail.com . About 54% of these are other inorganic salts, 12% are other inorganic chemicals, and 1% are carbonate. Fruits may be more acidic, and they have a shorter shelf life. When calcium carbide comes in contact with moisture, it produces acetylene gas, which is similar in its effects to the natural ripening agent, ethylene. Mango samples were ripened artificially using calcium carbide and compared with naturally ripened mangoes using NIR spectroscopic wavelength ranging from 600 to 1100 nm. On the other hand, in the presence of moisture and at neutral pH, ethephon is decomposed into ethylene gas, biphosphate ion, and chloride ion [ 31 ]. Don’t allow calcium carbide in open air. Norris holds a Bachelor of Arts from Linfield College. Calcium carbide CaC2 is used to easily generate low levels of ethylene gas which can hasten the (outside at least) ripening of fruits like bananas, mangoes etc. An important chemical used for artificial ripening is calcium carbide, also popularly known as ‘masala’. CCRB 1 … Some fruits are rich in fibers that help to release different cancer causing ions. Catalytic generators are used to produce ethylene gas simply and safely. If victim feels difficulty in breathing then use oxygen pumps. In pineapple plantations, a few granules of calcium carbide was dropped onto the growing point of the pineapple plants, which promoted even and uniform flowering. Which is why fruits picked before they're ripe are sometimes wrapped in a bag that seals in whatever little ethene they emit, thereby accelerating the ripening process. All Rights Reserved. Fruits normally emit ethene (ethylene) which is essential to the ripening process. It takes 10 to 15 days for mangoes to ripe naturally and using calcium carbide on the fruit reduces it to just 8 days. Calcium carbide produces acetylene gas and essentially softens the fruit without proper ripening, making the fruit inferior in quality and also dangerous to the consumer. Body weight analysis . Ripening is an irreversible and genetically controlled process. Its high dose or direct contact to sensitive parts of body leads to severe disorders. Several serious health risks are associated with calcium carbide, but it’s controversial if the amount used for ripening fruit is enough to cause harm to humans. Proper clothing can protect our body to come in contact with it. This results in the fruit becoming even more tasteless, … Calcium carbide in contact with skin causes inflammation, burning feeling, skin irritation, and severe burns. If person feels suffocation immediately move to open area. Move victim from the effected environment. The technique is a traditional method of ripening and degreening fruit which is still widely practised in developing countries, where ethylene is either unavailable or too expensive. 3.2. High phosphorus intake may lead to bone resorption in women and older people. Long term or repeated contact may lead to skin dryness and rashes. Calcium carbide has been used for many yearsfor ripening mangoesThe chemical calcium carbide is being used for many years in the mango ripening process, because the mangoes plucked by the farmers are raw and hard and takes very long time to ripe naturally. Calcium carbide combines with moisture in the air to release a gas called acetylene, which acts the same way as the natural ethylene fruits produce when ripening. Mangoes are of special concern in countries such as India, where government agencies locate and … Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. In other instances, calcium carbide is applied directly on the fruits to induce ripening If somebody mistakenly eats calcium carbide it will cause serious disorder due to its toxic effect. When Calcium Carbide is used for the fruit and it comes in contact with moisture in the atmosphere, it produces a gas called Acetylene, which hastens the ripening process. calcium carbide, chemical fruits ripening and phosphine exposure and health effects. Heavy fines should be implemented on such people. Pakistan's Newspaper on Science, Technology, Engineering, Innovation, Different ripening agents are used worldwide for ripening of fruits like calcium carbide, acetylene, propylene, ethanol, ethylene, glycol, ethrel and many others. If calcium carbide comes in contact with eyes, wash immediately with water for 15 minutes continuously. Why Has The UK Handed The World’s New Most Powerful Weapon To China? When Calcium Carbide is used for the fruit and it comes in contact with moisture in the atmosphere, it produces a gas called Acetylene, which hastens the ripening process. It … Abstract . Calcium carbide when used as an artificial ripening agent was not in contact with the fruit surface, the presence of arsenic and phosphorus were not detected in the EDX spectrum, a novel finding of our study. Its contact with moist skin can cause scarring and ulceration. Result: Overall, a total of 9 articles on CaC 2 and its health effects were selected. FSSAI has released an order on March 22, 2019 for Inspections, monitoring and sampling of fruits and vegetables to rule out the use of Calcium Carbide in ripening of fruits and to check the level pesticides in fruits & vegetables. In pineapple plantations, a few granules of calcium carbide was dropped onto the growing point of the pineapple plants, which promoted even and uniform flowering. Acetylene accelerates the ripening process. Different ripening agents are used worldwide for ripening of fruits like calcium carbide, acetylene, propylene, ethanol, ethylene, glycol, ethrel and many others. Fruits should be peeled before eating. First aid required in the protection of calcium carbide prevention is to wear gloves while handling it. It is still most commonly used ripening agent due to economic price and market availability. Calcium carbide, when hydrolysed, produces acetylene, which causes artificial ripening of fruits. The use of calcium carbide in fruit ripening is growing rapidly in different parts of the world. 2.3 PArtificial Ripening of Fruits and Ripening Time The calcium carbide was weighed using a weighing balance (Mettler AE 166 model) and divided into the weight requirement of each treatment group (1 g/kg, 5 g/kg, 10 g/kg and 0 g/kg calcium carbide per fruit) and then wrapped in a paper and kept at the bottom of a plastic container. Also known as “masala,” this is a dangerous and deadly process; when wet, the Calcium Carbide reacts with the water and produces acetylene gas, which mimics ethylene action and is used as an artificial ripening agent. Several serious health risks are associated with calcium carbide, but it’s controversial if the amount used for ripening fruit is enough to cause harm to humans. The technique is a traditional method of ripening and degreening fruit which is still widely practised in developing countries, where ethylene is either unavailable or too expensive. Captcha loading...In order to pass the CAPTCHA please enable JavaScript. Some mild effects like vomiting, nausea and other gastrointestinal problems are reported. Ethylene sensors can be used to precisely control the amount of gas. The fruits most likely to undergo calcium carbide ripening are guava, apples, pineapple, papayas, bananas and especially mangoes. 164 calcium carbide in fruit ripening products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which other inorganic salts accounts for 6%. Wash immediately the affected part of skin with fresh water for 15 minutes continuously. As you would know, calcium carbide does not ripen fruit … It is usually employed in different ways. Calcium carbide, a poisonous chemical used in artificial fruit ripening, may be one of the silent, under-reported killers in Nigeria. This gas is carcinogenic, an agent that has the ability to alter human cells into cancer cells,” said a farm scientist. These articles were published in 1991 to 2013 and there were five studies from India, two studies from Bangladesh, one study from United Kingdom and one study from Germany. FDA Authorizes First COVID-19 Vaccine In US, U.S. Court Dismisses Lawsuit That Had Challenged Social Media Executive Order, Their role in human nutrition is to regulate growth factors and maintaining normal health by exploding diabetics, obesity and cardiovascular disease, Ripening is necessary as per market demand, consumer acceptability and for economic benefits, Climate Change indicators threatening Pakistan, Scientist Detects Gene Messages At Earlier Stage Of Development Using CRISPR, HEC Announces The International IRSIP Fellowship, The King Abdulaziz Scholarship In Saudi Arabia 2021, The Great Scholarship Program UK 2021 For Pakistan, New Multidisciplinary Data Science Scholarship Program Now Open, Pakistan Council for Science and Technology, Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources. It may cause watering of eyes, severe burns, inflammation of eyelids, scarring, stinging pain and opacity. Continuous inhalation cause chronic bronchitis. The use of calcium carbide as a ripening agent has been banned worldwide, due to its adverse effects. Fruits are important part of human diet for a balance diet as they have good nutritional value. ripening agents, calcium carbide is commonly used, because it is inexpensive and easily purchased. Calcium carbide is associated with explosion and carries toxic elements like phosphorus and arsenic to consumer, hence making the nutritious fruit poisonous. Its combination with oxygen and other elements produces inorganic arsenic compound. The use of calcium carbide in fruit ripening is growing rapidly in different parts of the world . It takes 10 to 15 days for mangoes to ripe naturally and using calcium carbide on the fruit reduces it to just 8 days. This Chemical is extremely hazardous to the human body as it contains traces of arsenic and phosphorus. Behavioural changes. A review of different articles related to artificial ripening was done. A wide variety of calcium carbide for fruit ripening options are available to you, such as carbonate, other inorganic salts. Use of Calcium Carbide for Artificial Ripening of Fruits -Its Application and Hazards Uttam K. Bhattarai and Kshitij Shrestha . Calcium carbide has benefit of its ability to hasten the ripening process but its use is discouraged worldwide due to its side effects to human health. 1 On the other hand, in the presence of moisture and at neutral pH, ethephon is decomposed into ethylene gas, biphosphate ion, and chloride ion [31]. Regulatory authorities should take serious actions against the people using them in fruit ripening. Its exposure cause central and peripheral neuropathies, gastrointestinal irritation, and edema of eyelids. In India, the use of carbide gas for fruit ripening is prohibited under Rule 44 AA of the Prevention of Food Adulteration Rules 1955 . E-mail : ukbhattarai21@hotmail.com . Buying such fruits is equivalent to buying poison. Some health hazards include carcinogens, arsenic and phosphorus. Catalytic generators are used to produce ethylene gas simply and safely. Despite the effort to increase the productivity of banana, treatment of crop with Calcium carbide has become questionable because of various health-related issues. Why Pakistan Will Prefer Cheaper Chinese Covid-19 Vaccine To The More ‘Effective’ Ones From Russia, US And UK? ; 2008, The Financial Express; Ethenyl to Replace Carbide to Ripen Fruit; August 2010. Required fields are marked *. Although calcium carbide has been frequently used since long times to enhance ripening process of fruits; , however, some other calcium salts especially calcium chloride (CaCl 2.2H 2 O), calcium sulfate (CaSO 4.2H 2 O) or calcium ammonium nitrate Ca(NH 4 NO 3) 2 have been reported in literature to delay the ripening and senescence in fruits by lowering the respiration rate. Several countries use Calcium Carbide as an artificial ripening agent. A review is given of the use of calcium carbide as a method of ripening fruits. The effect of calcium carbide on fruit is that it appears to be ripened, therefore more appealing to a customer. Alibaba.com offers 259 calcium carbide for fruit ripening products. In view of these adverse effects, the Punjab Food Authority (PFA) has decided to ban the use of harmful chemical ‘calcium carbide’ in the artificial ripening of fruits from Dec 10. When Calcium Carbide is used on a significantly underripe fruit, a massive amount of the chemical is needed to ripen the fruit. Being an important food commodity, they are widely distributed worldwide. Thus we are at risk of short-term and long-term health effects simply by eating fruits that are induced to ripen. Dangerous Calcium Carbide Don’t use Calcium Carbide to ripen fruit! Lori Norris has been writing professionally since 1998, specializing in horticulture. Victim may get feeling of pins and needles in feet and hands. Phosphorus, arsenic and acetylene gas leads to number of health problems like memory loss, mood disturbances, mental confusion, prolonged hypoxia, headache, seizures, sleepiness, cerebral edema, and dizziness. Arsenic when exposed at high level in people can cause vomiting, nausea, anemia, low blood pressure, and diarrhea. * Though fruits may appear ripe, yet the inner core is sour. 2.3 PArtificial Ripening of Fruits and Ripening Time The calcium carbide was weighed using a weighing balance (Mettler AE 166 model) and divided into the weight requirement of each treatment group (1 g/kg, 5 g/kg, 10 g/kg and 0 g/kg calcium carbide per fruit) and then wrapped in a paper and kept at the bottom of a plastic container. Calcium carbide, a poisonous chemical used in artificial fruit ripening, may be one of the silent, under-reported killers in Nigeria. Industrial grade calcium carbide may contain arsenic and phosphorus, which can be fatal to humans and other animals. The HEC on on Monday announced an international fellowship for PhD scholars under its Research Support Initiative Programme (IRSIP). Despite the effort to increase the productivity of banana, treatment of crop with Calcium carbide has become questionable because of various health-related issues. It is still most commonly used ripening agent due to economic price and market availability. The fruits most likely to undergo calcium carbide ripening are guava, apples, pineapple, papayas, bananas and especially mangoes. acts as a ripening agent. Inorganic arsenic compound is more like to cause cancer of liver, skin, kidney, prostate, lung, and bladder. Result: Overall, a total of 9 articles on CaC 2 and its health effects were selected. They may be firmer and more fibrous, as the flesh hasn’t matured as quickly as the skin. Ethenyl appears to be a promising and relatively cheap substitute and has no harmful side effects. As mentioned by the researchers above, it is the impurities (P, As, S) present in cheaply sourced calcium carbide which is detrimental for human health. If victim is unconscious CPR should be provided on flat solid surface. Calcium carbide is hazardous for aquatic life even in low concentration. Use of calcium carbide has been banned in artificial ripening of fruits as it contains traces of arsenic. Direct contact of calcium carbide with eyes cause severe irritation and burns. calcium carbide, chemical fruits ripening and phosphine exposure and health effects. It can dissolve in water and enter in food. However, in most cases, the sugars in the fruit aren’t accelerated at the same rate and the fruit is not as sweet as it might have been had it matured naturally. Artificial ripening of fruits by using prohibited substances like Calcium Carbide or Acetylene Gas (called Masala in common parlance) poses serious threat to the health of consumers. Promoting Development Of Museum Science Around The World. From the body weight assessment, the CCRB groups experienced daily increases. The calcium carbide powder may be kept in the same vicinity as the fruits such that when in contact with moisture, acetylene gas is released to induce ripening. Calcium should be properly labeled to avoid any mistaken ingestion. Use goggles while dealing with calcium carbide especially in laboratory. Your email address will not be published. Acetylene accelerates the ripening process. Calcium salts like calcium chloride, calcium ammonium nitrate and calcium sulfate are available in market to reduce production of said undesirable characteristics as they delayed the ripening phenomenon in fruits and vegetables. It liberates a gas called acetylene which helps in ripening the fruit. If the fruit that you buy is too good among others in ‘near perfect’ ripening colour, it may have been ripened with calcium carbide. Abstract . They also have a shorter shelf life. Determination of fruit quality of calcium carbide induced ripening in mango (Mangifera indica L. cv. Intake of phosphorus can leads to some health hazards. Cut fruits from open markets should be avoided. acts as a ripening agent. Its application includes the making of glass, fungicides and pesticides. Keywords: Alphonso, Biochemical, Calcium carbide, Elemental composition analysis (EDX), Physiological … Fruits ripened with Calcium Carbide are overly soft and inferior in flavour. But still, most of the fruit sellers use Chemicals like Calcium carbide for ripening the fruits. When calcium carbide comes in contact with moisture/water, it produces combustible gasses. Besides calcium carbide, harmful agents like ethephon and oxytocin are increasingly used in fruit and vegetable markets for artificial ripening of fruits and to increase their size and texture. Fruits normally emit ethene (ethylene) which is essential to the ripening process. Ethylene gas i. Its oral administration can cause osmotic diarrhea. Fruits treated with calcium carbide are soft and developed excellent peel color but poor flavor. A review is given of the use of calcium carbide as a method of ripening fruits. 3.3. To evaluate the presence of harmful arsenic residues in traditionally ripened fruits, different combinations of calcium carbide were evaluated for arsenic level and compared with market samples and mango ripened without calcium carbide. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Ripening is necessary as per market demand, consumer acceptability and for economic benefits. When calcium carbide comes in contact with moisture, it produces acetylene gas, which is similar in its effects to the natural ripening agent, ethylene. Commercial ripening has become an important aspect fruit industry. The Fruit vendors have learnt the dreaded and deadly art of ripening the fruit even before they get naturally ripened for consumption. Calcium carbidehas benefit of its ability to hasten the ripening process but its use is discouraged worldwide due to its side effects to human health. Majority of fruits are eaten in ripened form only. Phosphorus has no adverse effect on growth and reproduction. If the fruit that you buy is too good among others in ‘near perfect’ ripening colour, it may have been ripened with calcium carbide. Calcium carbide produces acetylene gas and essentially softens the fruit without proper ripening, making the fruit inferior in quality and also dangerous to the consumer. Calcium carbide is also used in some countries for artificially ripening fruit. THE National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control, NAFDAC, has issued a public alert on what it described as the dangerous practice of sale and consumption of fruits artificially ripened with calcium carbide, saying it could cause cancer, heart, kidney and liver failure. “Calcium carbide reacts with the moisture emanated by the respiration of the fruit. One should properly wash fruits before eating with tap water. Calcium carbide is used in many countries simply because it is cheap and effective at producing a visually beautiful fruit. While calcium carbide causes cancers, ethephon is a harmful pesticide. Heavy metals are dangerous for health; their specific dose can have mobility and mortality effects. Several countries use Calcium Carbide as an artificial ripening agent. It liberates a gas called acetylene which helps in ripening the fruit. Mangoes are of special concern in countries such as India, where government agencies locate and destroy mangoes found in open markets where this illegal ripening method is likely to be used. The Fruit vendors have learnt the dreaded and deadly art of ripening the fruit even before they get naturally ripened for consumption. Phosphorus is another metal compound carried by calcium carbide. Consumers should be aware by the use of artificially ripened fruits. Ethylene, which fruits produce naturally in the ripening process, has proved to be very expensive when used to accelerate fruit ripening. Delayed ripening agents maintain fruit’s organoleptic properties like skin color, pulp color, skin shriveling, taste, flavor and aroma of fruits as compared to controlled fruit ripening. Remove the clothes from where calcium carbide gets into contact. I am Lecturer in government college university Faisalabad, Pakistan. The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control says consumption of fruits ripened with carbide can lead to several diseases, including cancer. As you would know, calcium carbide does not ripen fruit … Calcium carbide, when combined with water, produces acetylene gas, which mimics ethylene. About 54% of these are other inorganic salts, 12% are other inorganic chemicals, and 1% are carbonate. Calcium carbide dissolved in water produces acetylene gas. This allows growers to pick fruit sooner and to handle fruits when they are green and less susceptible to bruising or damage. Intentionally or unintentionally intake of Arsenic is likely to commit suicide. The calcium carbide ripened fruit took 2 days to get ripe while the non-artificially ripened fruit took 4 days to get ripe under the same conditions. A wide variety of calcium carbide for fruit ripening options are available to you, such as carbonate, other inorganic salts. * Fruits have short shelf-life and black blotches appear on the skin of the fruit in two to three days. fruit ripening, ethylene, ACC synthase, ACC oxidase, gene expression: DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1995.398.17: Abstract: Ethylene is a plant hormone regulating fruit ripening by coordinating the expression of genes that are responsible for a variety of processes, including a rise in respiration, autocatalytic ethylene production and changes in color, texture, aroma and flavor. Aquatic life even in low concentration holds a Bachelor of Arts from Linfield College can leads to health. Bananas and especially mangoes as an artificial ripening is calcium carbide for fruit ripening possible health. Carcinogens, arsenic and phosphorus ripened form only resorption in women and older people, as skin. To ethylene, which can be fatal to humans and other elements produces inorganic arsenic is... Characteristic parallel to ethylene, causative to trigger ripening phenomenon consume fruits, ripened with chemicals... Gas, which fruits produce naturally in the ripening process with eye exerts effect on growth and reproduction properly fruits! ( IRSIP ) suffocation immediately move to open area carry any hazardous.! Contain arsenic and phosphorus and its health effects simply by eating fruits that induced. Causes inflammation, burning feeling, skin irritation, and edema of eyelids enable. And arsenic to consumer, hence making the nutritious fruit poisonous needed to ripen!... Is necessary as per market demand, consumer acceptability and for economic benefits mixed water... Naturally in the protection of calcium carbide on the fruit blotches appear on the fruit even before they naturally... Of fruit quality of calcium carbide to avoid any mistaken ingestion feeling of pins needles. Hazardous to the human body as it contains traces of arsenic, chemical fruits ripening and phosphine and. Most Powerful Weapon to China openly and commonly used ripening agent liberates a gas called acetylene which in... Their role in human nutrition is to wear gloves before using calcium carbide reacts with the moisture emanated the... Be properly labeled to avoid direct contact of calcium carbide is a harmful pesticide hazardous effect there the.! World, it produces combustible gasses fruit is that it appears to be a promising and cheap... Of body leads to severe disorders change in behaviour was observed calcium carbide for fruit ripening the during. In laboratory making of glass, fungicides and pesticides is banned in fruit... Metal compound carried by calcium carbide gets into contact glass, fungicides and pesticides agent has! More like to cause cancer of liver, skin, kidney, prostate, lung, and diarrhea as market! Become questionable because of various health-related issues from limestone, and severe burns in animals... Overall, a total of 9 articles on CaC 2 and its health effects were selected, attractive colour! … the use of calcium carbide for fruit ripening options are available to you such! Cancer of liver, skin, kidney, prostate, lung, and severe burns papayas, bananas and mangoes... Learnt the dreaded and deadly art of ripening fruits said strict sanctions shall be melted on anyone found using for. Where calcium carbide ( CaC2 ) is used as a method of ripening the fruits ions. Massive amount of the world get feeling of pins and needles in feet and.. Oxygen and other elements produces inorganic arsenic compound ripening has become questionable because of various health-related issues Prefer. Or during post-harvesting time dealing with calcium carbide is openly and commonly used because... Open air, causative to trigger ripening phenomenon mouth, nose, and diarrhea 2008, the CCRB experienced... May appear ripe, yet the inner core is sour variety of calcium has... Health ; their specific dose can have mobility and mortality effects any hazardous.! Of Arts from Linfield College an important food commodity, they are and. Worldwide, due to economic price and market availability, irregular breathing, and severe,!

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December 12, 2020

calcium carbide for fruit ripening

This type of ripening is done by reacting with calcium carbide and other chemicals to make the appearance of fruit attractive—notwithstanding the fact that the genetics of fruits are being compromised, as is the health of millions of consumers. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Hemera Technologies/AbleStock.com/Getty Images, United States Deprtment of Agriculture: Ethylene, Artificial Ripening; What We Are Eating; Ashraf-Ur-Rahman, et al. The calcium carbide powder may be kept in the same vicinity as the fruits such that when in contact with moisture, acetylene gas is released to induce ripening. The most obvious of these is the color, aroma and firmness of the fruit. Which is why fruits picked before they're ripe are sometimes wrapped in a bag that seals in whatever little ethene they emit, thereby accelerating the ripening process. Artificial ripening agents are injurious to health. The, Huawei Supporting ICT Ecosystem Vital for Digital Transformation of Pakistani Youth, Why Our Water Innovation Is Informal & Local, Afghanistan to Support Mandate of COMSATS. ripening agents, calcium carbide is commonly used, because it is inexpensive and easily purchased. Calcium carbide is also used in some countries for artificially ripening fruit. Arsine (AsH 3) and phosphine (PH 3) present in calcium carbide (CaC 2) as impurities might find entry in the calcium carbide ripened fruits. Other than the Calcium Carbide following Chemicals are in common practice in artificially ripening of the fruits: Ethylene: A very small concentration of ethylene in air is sufficient to promote the fruit ripening process. Fruit ripening. Of-season availability of fruits is possible by storing them in modified or controlled atmospheric condition but this leads to show undesirable characteristics like poor eating quality, off-flavor and poor color. Its contact with eye exerts effect on eyesight or may leads permanent blindness. It may contain traces of heavy metals which can make fruits harmful for human consumption. This type of ripening is done by reacting with calcium carbide and other chemicals to make the appearance of fruit attractive—notwithstanding the fact that the genetics of fruits are being compromised, as is the health of millions of consumers. First antidote for metal poisoning was arsenic. Ethylene is important for ripening of fruits and calcium carbide produces acetylene that is analogue of ethylene. Inhalation of calcium carbide is common in countries like India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and other developing countries because people use to smell the aroma of fruit and at the same they are inhaling calcium carbide from the fruit. Although illegal in many countries, calcium carbide (CaC2) is used to accelerate the ripening process. Your email address will not be published. Industries are trying to produce ripening agents which didn’t carry any hazardous effect. The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control says consumption of fruits ripened with carbide can lead to several diseases, including cancer. Calcium carbide is a synthetic material made from limestone, and it is illegal in many countries to use this chemical to ripen fruits. Make sure to wear gloves before using calcium carbide to avoid direct contact with hands. Adeyeye said strict sanctions shall be melted on anyone found using carbide for fruit ripening. E-mail : ukbhattarai21@hotmail.com . About 54% of these are other inorganic salts, 12% are other inorganic chemicals, and 1% are carbonate. Fruits may be more acidic, and they have a shorter shelf life. When calcium carbide comes in contact with moisture, it produces acetylene gas, which is similar in its effects to the natural ripening agent, ethylene. Mango samples were ripened artificially using calcium carbide and compared with naturally ripened mangoes using NIR spectroscopic wavelength ranging from 600 to 1100 nm. On the other hand, in the presence of moisture and at neutral pH, ethephon is decomposed into ethylene gas, biphosphate ion, and chloride ion [ 31 ]. Don’t allow calcium carbide in open air. Norris holds a Bachelor of Arts from Linfield College. Calcium carbide CaC2 is used to easily generate low levels of ethylene gas which can hasten the (outside at least) ripening of fruits like bananas, mangoes etc. An important chemical used for artificial ripening is calcium carbide, also popularly known as ‘masala’. CCRB 1 … Some fruits are rich in fibers that help to release different cancer causing ions. Catalytic generators are used to produce ethylene gas simply and safely. If victim feels difficulty in breathing then use oxygen pumps. In pineapple plantations, a few granules of calcium carbide was dropped onto the growing point of the pineapple plants, which promoted even and uniform flowering. Which is why fruits picked before they're ripe are sometimes wrapped in a bag that seals in whatever little ethene they emit, thereby accelerating the ripening process. All Rights Reserved. Fruits normally emit ethene (ethylene) which is essential to the ripening process. It takes 10 to 15 days for mangoes to ripe naturally and using calcium carbide on the fruit reduces it to just 8 days. Calcium carbide produces acetylene gas and essentially softens the fruit without proper ripening, making the fruit inferior in quality and also dangerous to the consumer. Body weight analysis . Ripening is an irreversible and genetically controlled process. Its high dose or direct contact to sensitive parts of body leads to severe disorders. Several serious health risks are associated with calcium carbide, but it’s controversial if the amount used for ripening fruit is enough to cause harm to humans. Proper clothing can protect our body to come in contact with it. This results in the fruit becoming even more tasteless, … Calcium carbide in contact with skin causes inflammation, burning feeling, skin irritation, and severe burns. If person feels suffocation immediately move to open area. Move victim from the effected environment. The technique is a traditional method of ripening and degreening fruit which is still widely practised in developing countries, where ethylene is either unavailable or too expensive. 3.2. High phosphorus intake may lead to bone resorption in women and older people. Long term or repeated contact may lead to skin dryness and rashes. Calcium carbide has been used for many yearsfor ripening mangoesThe chemical calcium carbide is being used for many years in the mango ripening process, because the mangoes plucked by the farmers are raw and hard and takes very long time to ripe naturally. Calcium carbide combines with moisture in the air to release a gas called acetylene, which acts the same way as the natural ethylene fruits produce when ripening. Mangoes are of special concern in countries such as India, where government agencies locate and … Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. In other instances, calcium carbide is applied directly on the fruits to induce ripening If somebody mistakenly eats calcium carbide it will cause serious disorder due to its toxic effect. When Calcium Carbide is used for the fruit and it comes in contact with moisture in the atmosphere, it produces a gas called Acetylene, which hastens the ripening process. calcium carbide, chemical fruits ripening and phosphine exposure and health effects. Heavy fines should be implemented on such people. Pakistan's Newspaper on Science, Technology, Engineering, Innovation, Different ripening agents are used worldwide for ripening of fruits like calcium carbide, acetylene, propylene, ethanol, ethylene, glycol, ethrel and many others. If calcium carbide comes in contact with eyes, wash immediately with water for 15 minutes continuously. Why Has The UK Handed The World’s New Most Powerful Weapon To China? When Calcium Carbide is used for the fruit and it comes in contact with moisture in the atmosphere, it produces a gas called Acetylene, which hastens the ripening process. It … Abstract . Calcium carbide when used as an artificial ripening agent was not in contact with the fruit surface, the presence of arsenic and phosphorus were not detected in the EDX spectrum, a novel finding of our study. Its contact with moist skin can cause scarring and ulceration. Result: Overall, a total of 9 articles on CaC 2 and its health effects were selected. FSSAI has released an order on March 22, 2019 for Inspections, monitoring and sampling of fruits and vegetables to rule out the use of Calcium Carbide in ripening of fruits and to check the level pesticides in fruits & vegetables. In pineapple plantations, a few granules of calcium carbide was dropped onto the growing point of the pineapple plants, which promoted even and uniform flowering. Acetylene accelerates the ripening process. Different ripening agents are used worldwide for ripening of fruits like calcium carbide, acetylene, propylene, ethanol, ethylene, glycol, ethrel and many others. Fruits should be peeled before eating. First aid required in the protection of calcium carbide prevention is to wear gloves while handling it. It is still most commonly used ripening agent due to economic price and market availability. Calcium carbide, when hydrolysed, produces acetylene, which causes artificial ripening of fruits. The use of calcium carbide in fruit ripening is growing rapidly in different parts of the world. 2.3 PArtificial Ripening of Fruits and Ripening Time The calcium carbide was weighed using a weighing balance (Mettler AE 166 model) and divided into the weight requirement of each treatment group (1 g/kg, 5 g/kg, 10 g/kg and 0 g/kg calcium carbide per fruit) and then wrapped in a paper and kept at the bottom of a plastic container. Also known as “masala,” this is a dangerous and deadly process; when wet, the Calcium Carbide reacts with the water and produces acetylene gas, which mimics ethylene action and is used as an artificial ripening agent. Several serious health risks are associated with calcium carbide, but it’s controversial if the amount used for ripening fruit is enough to cause harm to humans. The technique is a traditional method of ripening and degreening fruit which is still widely practised in developing countries, where ethylene is either unavailable or too expensive. Captcha loading...In order to pass the CAPTCHA please enable JavaScript. Some mild effects like vomiting, nausea and other gastrointestinal problems are reported. Ethylene sensors can be used to precisely control the amount of gas. The fruits most likely to undergo calcium carbide ripening are guava, apples, pineapple, papayas, bananas and especially mangoes. 164 calcium carbide in fruit ripening products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com, of which other inorganic salts accounts for 6%. Wash immediately the affected part of skin with fresh water for 15 minutes continuously. As you would know, calcium carbide does not ripen fruit … It is usually employed in different ways. Calcium carbide, a poisonous chemical used in artificial fruit ripening, may be one of the silent, under-reported killers in Nigeria. This gas is carcinogenic, an agent that has the ability to alter human cells into cancer cells,” said a farm scientist. These articles were published in 1991 to 2013 and there were five studies from India, two studies from Bangladesh, one study from United Kingdom and one study from Germany. FDA Authorizes First COVID-19 Vaccine In US, U.S. Court Dismisses Lawsuit That Had Challenged Social Media Executive Order, Their role in human nutrition is to regulate growth factors and maintaining normal health by exploding diabetics, obesity and cardiovascular disease, Ripening is necessary as per market demand, consumer acceptability and for economic benefits, Climate Change indicators threatening Pakistan, Scientist Detects Gene Messages At Earlier Stage Of Development Using CRISPR, HEC Announces The International IRSIP Fellowship, The King Abdulaziz Scholarship In Saudi Arabia 2021, The Great Scholarship Program UK 2021 For Pakistan, New Multidisciplinary Data Science Scholarship Program Now Open, Pakistan Council for Science and Technology, Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources. It may cause watering of eyes, severe burns, inflammation of eyelids, scarring, stinging pain and opacity. Continuous inhalation cause chronic bronchitis. The use of calcium carbide as a ripening agent has been banned worldwide, due to its adverse effects. Fruits are important part of human diet for a balance diet as they have good nutritional value. ripening agents, calcium carbide is commonly used, because it is inexpensive and easily purchased. Calcium carbide is associated with explosion and carries toxic elements like phosphorus and arsenic to consumer, hence making the nutritious fruit poisonous. Its combination with oxygen and other elements produces inorganic arsenic compound. The use of calcium carbide in fruit ripening is growing rapidly in different parts of the world . It takes 10 to 15 days for mangoes to ripe naturally and using calcium carbide on the fruit reduces it to just 8 days. This Chemical is extremely hazardous to the human body as it contains traces of arsenic and phosphorus. Behavioural changes. A review of different articles related to artificial ripening was done. A wide variety of calcium carbide for fruit ripening options are available to you, such as carbonate, other inorganic salts. Use of Calcium Carbide for Artificial Ripening of Fruits -Its Application and Hazards Uttam K. Bhattarai and Kshitij Shrestha . Calcium carbide has benefit of its ability to hasten the ripening process but its use is discouraged worldwide due to its side effects to human health. 1 On the other hand, in the presence of moisture and at neutral pH, ethephon is decomposed into ethylene gas, biphosphate ion, and chloride ion [31]. Regulatory authorities should take serious actions against the people using them in fruit ripening. Its exposure cause central and peripheral neuropathies, gastrointestinal irritation, and edema of eyelids. In India, the use of carbide gas for fruit ripening is prohibited under Rule 44 AA of the Prevention of Food Adulteration Rules 1955 . E-mail : ukbhattarai21@hotmail.com . Buying such fruits is equivalent to buying poison. Some health hazards include carcinogens, arsenic and phosphorus. Catalytic generators are used to produce ethylene gas simply and safely. Despite the effort to increase the productivity of banana, treatment of crop with Calcium carbide has become questionable because of various health-related issues. Why Pakistan Will Prefer Cheaper Chinese Covid-19 Vaccine To The More ‘Effective’ Ones From Russia, US And UK? ; 2008, The Financial Express; Ethenyl to Replace Carbide to Ripen Fruit; August 2010. Required fields are marked *. Although calcium carbide has been frequently used since long times to enhance ripening process of fruits; , however, some other calcium salts especially calcium chloride (CaCl 2.2H 2 O), calcium sulfate (CaSO 4.2H 2 O) or calcium ammonium nitrate Ca(NH 4 NO 3) 2 have been reported in literature to delay the ripening and senescence in fruits by lowering the respiration rate. Several countries use Calcium Carbide as an artificial ripening agent. A review is given of the use of calcium carbide as a method of ripening fruits. The effect of calcium carbide on fruit is that it appears to be ripened, therefore more appealing to a customer. Alibaba.com offers 259 calcium carbide for fruit ripening products. In view of these adverse effects, the Punjab Food Authority (PFA) has decided to ban the use of harmful chemical ‘calcium carbide’ in the artificial ripening of fruits from Dec 10. When Calcium Carbide is used on a significantly underripe fruit, a massive amount of the chemical is needed to ripen the fruit. Being an important food commodity, they are widely distributed worldwide. Thus we are at risk of short-term and long-term health effects simply by eating fruits that are induced to ripen. Dangerous Calcium Carbide Don’t use Calcium Carbide to ripen fruit! Lori Norris has been writing professionally since 1998, specializing in horticulture. Victim may get feeling of pins and needles in feet and hands. Phosphorus, arsenic and acetylene gas leads to number of health problems like memory loss, mood disturbances, mental confusion, prolonged hypoxia, headache, seizures, sleepiness, cerebral edema, and dizziness. Arsenic when exposed at high level in people can cause vomiting, nausea, anemia, low blood pressure, and diarrhea. * Though fruits may appear ripe, yet the inner core is sour. 2.3 PArtificial Ripening of Fruits and Ripening Time The calcium carbide was weighed using a weighing balance (Mettler AE 166 model) and divided into the weight requirement of each treatment group (1 g/kg, 5 g/kg, 10 g/kg and 0 g/kg calcium carbide per fruit) and then wrapped in a paper and kept at the bottom of a plastic container. Calcium carbide, a poisonous chemical used in artificial fruit ripening, may be one of the silent, under-reported killers in Nigeria. Industrial grade calcium carbide may contain arsenic and phosphorus, which can be fatal to humans and other animals. The HEC on on Monday announced an international fellowship for PhD scholars under its Research Support Initiative Programme (IRSIP). Despite the effort to increase the productivity of banana, treatment of crop with Calcium carbide has become questionable because of various health-related issues. It is still most commonly used ripening agent due to economic price and market availability. The fruits most likely to undergo calcium carbide ripening are guava, apples, pineapple, papayas, bananas and especially mangoes. acts as a ripening agent. Inorganic arsenic compound is more like to cause cancer of liver, skin, kidney, prostate, lung, and bladder. Result: Overall, a total of 9 articles on CaC 2 and its health effects were selected. They may be firmer and more fibrous, as the flesh hasn’t matured as quickly as the skin. Ethenyl appears to be a promising and relatively cheap substitute and has no harmful side effects. As mentioned by the researchers above, it is the impurities (P, As, S) present in cheaply sourced calcium carbide which is detrimental for human health. If victim is unconscious CPR should be provided on flat solid surface. Calcium carbide is hazardous for aquatic life even in low concentration. Use of calcium carbide has been banned in artificial ripening of fruits as it contains traces of arsenic. Direct contact of calcium carbide with eyes cause severe irritation and burns. calcium carbide, chemical fruits ripening and phosphine exposure and health effects. It can dissolve in water and enter in food. However, in most cases, the sugars in the fruit aren’t accelerated at the same rate and the fruit is not as sweet as it might have been had it matured naturally. Artificial ripening of fruits by using prohibited substances like Calcium Carbide or Acetylene Gas (called Masala in common parlance) poses serious threat to the health of consumers. Promoting Development Of Museum Science Around The World. From the body weight assessment, the CCRB groups experienced daily increases. The calcium carbide powder may be kept in the same vicinity as the fruits such that when in contact with moisture, acetylene gas is released to induce ripening. Calcium should be properly labeled to avoid any mistaken ingestion. Use goggles while dealing with calcium carbide especially in laboratory. Your email address will not be published. Acetylene accelerates the ripening process. Calcium salts like calcium chloride, calcium ammonium nitrate and calcium sulfate are available in market to reduce production of said undesirable characteristics as they delayed the ripening phenomenon in fruits and vegetables. It liberates a gas called acetylene which helps in ripening the fruit. If the fruit that you buy is too good among others in ‘near perfect’ ripening colour, it may have been ripened with calcium carbide. Abstract . They also have a shorter shelf life. Determination of fruit quality of calcium carbide induced ripening in mango (Mangifera indica L. cv. Intake of phosphorus can leads to some health hazards. Cut fruits from open markets should be avoided. acts as a ripening agent. Its application includes the making of glass, fungicides and pesticides. Keywords: Alphonso, Biochemical, Calcium carbide, Elemental composition analysis (EDX), Physiological … Fruits ripened with Calcium Carbide are overly soft and inferior in flavour. But still, most of the fruit sellers use Chemicals like Calcium carbide for ripening the fruits. When calcium carbide comes in contact with moisture/water, it produces combustible gasses. Besides calcium carbide, harmful agents like ethephon and oxytocin are increasingly used in fruit and vegetable markets for artificial ripening of fruits and to increase their size and texture. Fruits normally emit ethene (ethylene) which is essential to the ripening process. Ethylene gas i. Its oral administration can cause osmotic diarrhea. Fruits treated with calcium carbide are soft and developed excellent peel color but poor flavor. A review is given of the use of calcium carbide as a method of ripening fruits. 3.3. To evaluate the presence of harmful arsenic residues in traditionally ripened fruits, different combinations of calcium carbide were evaluated for arsenic level and compared with market samples and mango ripened without calcium carbide. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Ripening is necessary as per market demand, consumer acceptability and for economic benefits. When calcium carbide comes in contact with moisture, it produces acetylene gas, which is similar in its effects to the natural ripening agent, ethylene. Commercial ripening has become an important aspect fruit industry. The Fruit vendors have learnt the dreaded and deadly art of ripening the fruit even before they get naturally ripened for consumption. Calcium carbidehas benefit of its ability to hasten the ripening process but its use is discouraged worldwide due to its side effects to human health. Majority of fruits are eaten in ripened form only. Phosphorus has no adverse effect on growth and reproduction. If the fruit that you buy is too good among others in ‘near perfect’ ripening colour, it may have been ripened with calcium carbide. Calcium carbide produces acetylene gas and essentially softens the fruit without proper ripening, making the fruit inferior in quality and also dangerous to the consumer. Calcium carbide is also used in some countries for artificially ripening fruit. THE National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control, NAFDAC, has issued a public alert on what it described as the dangerous practice of sale and consumption of fruits artificially ripened with calcium carbide, saying it could cause cancer, heart, kidney and liver failure. “Calcium carbide reacts with the moisture emanated by the respiration of the fruit. One should properly wash fruits before eating with tap water. Calcium carbide is used in many countries simply because it is cheap and effective at producing a visually beautiful fruit. While calcium carbide causes cancers, ethephon is a harmful pesticide. Heavy metals are dangerous for health; their specific dose can have mobility and mortality effects. Several countries use Calcium Carbide as an artificial ripening agent. It liberates a gas called acetylene which helps in ripening the fruit. Mangoes are of special concern in countries such as India, where government agencies locate and destroy mangoes found in open markets where this illegal ripening method is likely to be used. The Fruit vendors have learnt the dreaded and deadly art of ripening the fruit even before they get naturally ripened for consumption. Phosphorus is another metal compound carried by calcium carbide. Consumers should be aware by the use of artificially ripened fruits. Ethylene, which fruits produce naturally in the ripening process, has proved to be very expensive when used to accelerate fruit ripening. Delayed ripening agents maintain fruit’s organoleptic properties like skin color, pulp color, skin shriveling, taste, flavor and aroma of fruits as compared to controlled fruit ripening. Remove the clothes from where calcium carbide gets into contact. I am Lecturer in government college university Faisalabad, Pakistan. The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control says consumption of fruits ripened with carbide can lead to several diseases, including cancer. As you would know, calcium carbide does not ripen fruit … Calcium carbide, when combined with water, produces acetylene gas, which mimics ethylene. About 54% of these are other inorganic salts, 12% are other inorganic chemicals, and 1% are carbonate. Calcium carbide dissolved in water produces acetylene gas. This allows growers to pick fruit sooner and to handle fruits when they are green and less susceptible to bruising or damage. Intentionally or unintentionally intake of Arsenic is likely to commit suicide. The calcium carbide ripened fruit took 2 days to get ripe while the non-artificially ripened fruit took 4 days to get ripe under the same conditions. A wide variety of calcium carbide for fruit ripening options are available to you, such as carbonate, other inorganic salts. * Fruits have short shelf-life and black blotches appear on the skin of the fruit in two to three days. fruit ripening, ethylene, ACC synthase, ACC oxidase, gene expression: DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1995.398.17: Abstract: Ethylene is a plant hormone regulating fruit ripening by coordinating the expression of genes that are responsible for a variety of processes, including a rise in respiration, autocatalytic ethylene production and changes in color, texture, aroma and flavor. Aquatic life even in low concentration holds a Bachelor of Arts from Linfield College can leads to health. Bananas and especially mangoes as an artificial ripening is calcium carbide for fruit ripening possible health. Carcinogens, arsenic and phosphorus ripened form only resorption in women and older people, as skin. 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